The Renaissance Period

Neo-Renaissance is an artistic movement that was born in Florence during the 15th century. The Renaissance Revival architecture collection is a collection 19th-century architectural styles that are neither Greek Revival nor Gothic Revival and instead draw inspiration from various other classicizing Italian styles. This includes Baroque, Classical and Renaissance architectural styles. The Basilica di San Miniato al Monte and the Ponte Vecchio Fontana are some of the most well-known styles from this period. Other important styles include the Ionian style, the Roman Style, the Greek revival, the Gothic revival and the Italianate style.

The Neo-Renaissance architectural style was criticized for focusing too much on the aesthetics of the building rather than the actual function of a building. However as Joseph Schumpeter pointed out, there was more happening in the architecture of the day than aesthetics. Neo-Renaissance art was a catalyst for awakening an old culture that had been long since forgotten by its practitioners. People realized that beauty wasn’t only visual. It could also be seen in the details, in the interplay between form and function.

Florence was the capital of European Renaissance during the Renaissance. It was in Florence that many famous artists resided and worked, among whom were Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Titian, Gorgios Dejanos, Jan van Gogh, and Michel Boucher. The city was also a major political center at the time. Renaissance architecture is often described as an attempt to bring together the aesthetics of the Greek and the Islamic worlds, to produce a unified art form that would combine both the West and the East. The result was an era of individualism, freethinking and appreciation for individual artistic talents.

Neoclassicism, which was also referred to as Romanticism, was a reaction to the excesses of the French Revolution. The movement was not without merits. After the French Revolution, the French were enthralled about their freedom of speech and their ability to criticize others. The French went on the streets and slammed the clergy, and also destroying property. The French government took over all public buildings, universities and the press and began to ban all artistic expression.

The driving force behind this new movement was the desire for simplicity, an urge to return to a time before the distractions of the modern age had taken over the Renaissance. This resulted in a rejection of the over-stated, egotistical and embellished architecture of the time. The Neoclassics, who were often radicals, favored simplicity. The Neoclassics’ most significant appeal following their rejection of the excesses of French architecture, was that they sought to create architecture built on natural materials and shapes. Neoclassicism is now considered the classic art of its time.

Although Neo-Renaissance art eventually disappear from Western society, it did produce some great architecture and artwork. While the Neoclassics never completely disappeared, their influence on Western art is not to be ignored. Their influence can be seen in the architecture furniture, artworks, and clothing today.

Neo-Renaissance architecture has the characteristics of Neoclassics. It is distinguished by symmetry, rectitude, and a sense of balance. Neoclassicism was also extremely attuned to nature, particularly the physical world. In fact one of the most well-known Neo-Renaissance sculptures is the Vitruvian Man. Vitruvius is believed to be the founder of modernist movements. His Vitruvian statue is located in the Temple of Vitruvius. It is an ancient Roman temple made of plaster, limestone and marble, which resembles large, life-size statues.

Neo-Renaissance art has been criticized by both classical and postmodernists for not having true artistic merit. Domenico Dolce, for example was one of them. He criticized the “stature” of Vitruvius’ works after having read them all. He believed that the statues were too simple and shallow to be worthy of their highly stylized shapes. Later artists like Botticelli would improve the Neoclassicism movement to create new concepts like Futurism.

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